Kyphosis is a progressive spinal disorder which causes a curved spine, resulting in a "humpback" or "hunchback". It is a general disorder, which can be further defined into several subcategories, such as hyperkyphosis or sharp angular Gibbus Deformity.
Hyperkyphosis refers to an excessive curvature which exceeds the normal range. It is nearly always found in the thoracic portion of the spine, and is commonly caused by the effects of osteoporosis in adults. The effects of hyperkyphosis usually tend to result in a more gradual curvature.
Gibbus Deformity is a form of structural kyphosis, and is more pronounced than hyperkyphosis. In this condition, the posterior curve takes on a sharp angle. The angle may become more pronounced when bending forward.
Kyphosis can be separated into two main categories: postural and structural.
Postural kyphosis is normally a less-severe condition, and can usually be corrected easier. It is usually attributed to poor posture, or spine fractures caused by trauma or osteoporosis. Mild cases can normally be corrected by the patient, sometimes with the help of a brace.
Structural kyphosis is most often more severe, and may very well require medical intervention. This is an abnormality affecting the bones, intervertebral discs, nerves, ligaments, or muscles of the spine. The two most common forms of structural kyphosis are congenital and Scheuermann's Disease.
Congenital kyphosis is defined as a spinal curvature abnormality existing at birth.
Scheuermann's Disease is commonly described as juvenile kyphosis. It is usually noticed between the ages of 12 and 15. the cause of this disease is unknown, but some experts speculate that it may be familial. The normal definition of Scheuermann's Disease is an abnormal thoracic curvature which causes anterior vertebral wedging of at least 5° and involving at least 3 consecutive vertebrae.
Mild to moderate postural kyphosis can usually be corrected through exercises or physical therapy. Strengthening the paravertebral muscles and making a conscious effort to correct poor posture commonly yields successful results.
Structural and severe postural kyphosis requires higher levels of medical intervention. Anti-inflammatory drugs are commonly prescribed by a doctor in order to relieve any pain associated with the condition. Treatment is determined by age of the patient, degree of the curve, curve progression and several other factors which are specific to the patient. For patients under the age of 16, braces are usually recommended, and can correct the condition much of the time.
Your spine surgeon in Chennai may recommend surgery if the angle of the spine is severe, you are experiencing neurological symptoms, and/or you are experiencing excessive pain that other methods cannot relieve.